What Is Front End Web Development

If you have researched the career path of programming and its branches and even seen job opportunities in this field, you will surely come across the term front end web development. Front-end programming is one of the branches of programming that, in simple words, focuses on the essential factors when visiting the site from the user side.

And front end web development is just the opposite of the backend programmer’s work behind the scenes designing a site and the entire developer’s work. The stack, which works on both the backend and the front end web development, is different.

What is front end developer?


Front-end programmers, also known as client-side programmers, use HTML, CSS, and JavaScript coding languages to design and build various elements and parts of a website. These elements include colors and text structure, images, tables and graphs, buttons, and different web pages. 

In short, the front-end programmer designs everything the user sees and interacts with on the website. The goal is that the user can quickly work with the website and have a good user experience. 

But this field has a challenge: the tools and techniques used in front end web development constantly change. And therefore, the programmer must constantly be aware of the latest changes and the correct way of programming in this field.

Today, due to users using different devices, website development has become a little more complicated, and therefore the designer has to consider all these factors in website design. They must ensure that the site displays correctly in different browsers, operating systems, and devices, which requires careful planning by the front-end developer.

The responsibilities of a front-end developer include

  1. Attention to user experience
  2. Website design using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript programming languages
  3. User interface design for websites
  4. Improve user interaction with the site in all browsers
  5. Website design for mobile version
  6. Collaborate with the SEO team to implement their requests
  7. Testing various site features and fixing any bugs.

What are the front end web development languages?


Most front-end developers spend most of their time working with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript programming languages. Flutter developers and full stack web development must be proficient in each of these languages to achieve their goals.

Front-end developers use HTML to lay out a website’s overall structure and content, CSS for formatting, and JavaScript for implementing complex features. Additionally, they may use AJAX (a combination of JavaScript and XML) to update certain parts of the website.

Front-end programmers may also use Python, Ruby, or PHP to communicate data easily with the backend website.

What are front end web development frameworks? 

They are CSS frameworks and packages having pre-written, standardized code in folders and files. They offer you a base to develop on while still enabling flexibility with the concluding design.

1. CSS language


CSS is a web programming language that helps programmers design a website’s formatting as well as its appearance in a user-friendly way. This programming language is also used to describe documents written in HTML or XML. 

CSS determines how elements should be placed next to each other in website design and in which formatting the user can have a better experience.

Using CSS, you can choose the text color, font style, paragraph spacing, how columns are sized and arranged, background images, website page background color, page layout, website display for different devices, and page sizes.

CSS isn’t tricky to learn, but since it’s such a complex language, it cannot be obvious. Learning the basics of CSS is not time-consuming at all. But still, if you want to master CSS, you must put in the time.

2. HTML language


HTML is the core of every website page. For website designers, knowing the HTML programming language is a necessity. Anyone who wants to start coding for website design should start by learning HTML, and luckily, it’s straightforward to learn.

HTML language is a markup programming language, and markup languages have similar functionality to website content tags. The difference is that HTML is used as a language to mark up different website elements. 

For example, HTML defines header, paragraph, image, etc. Each website page has a set of these HTML tags that represent the page’s overall content.

Using HTML, you can add titles to pages, format paragraphs, set line spacing, create lists, highlight text parts, create unique characters, add images to the page, create tables, and many other things.

3. JavaScript


JavaScript is a more complex language than HTML or CSS. Today, JavaScript is supported in all browsers and is used on almost every site to make it more powerful and improve performance.

JavaScript is a logic-based programming language that can be used to modify website content and improve user experience. JavaScript is used in things like call-to-action buttons, website graphics, and adding animation to the website. JavaScript can also be used to build mobile applications and create server-side applications.

The hardest part of programming is learning it, which is the case with JavaScript. But once you learn the basics, you can quickly become a pro in this language and use it in the front end web development.

The workplace of a front-end developer

High demand, job security, a reasonable programmer salary, and many more are some of the advantages you will face in this profession. Employers are looking for problem solvers, not just people who can code. They are looking for someone who can be vital in visual design, user experience, and troubleshooting.


The front-end developer is very flexible in terms of work location and time. People in this job can carry out projects remotely, and there are many options for hiring programmers.

How to become a front-end programmer?

The first step to choosing a job is to make sure that you are made for it. Although programming and its branches, such as front end web development, are money-making jobs, they have their difficulties and challenges, and you should see if you can deal with these challenges and difficulties or not.

The personality type of Front-end developers shows that these people are usually researchers, meaning they are curious and often like to be alone when they work, and no one will disturb them. They also have artistic taste and are creative, which means they use these two traits to design the user interface and look of the website.

If you have these qualities, you can consider working in this profession. If you want to hire as a front end web development in companies, follow the steps below:

1. Learn front end programming

To begin with, you should learn more about this field and how to work in it, and learn front end programming languages and front end web development. Still, suppose you want to have a degree from a university. 

In that case, you can think about getting a bachelor’s degree in information technology or computer engineering, but know that having a degree in programming is not mandatory.

To become a front end developer, you need an understanding of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript programming languages. You can go for free and paid online courses to learn these languages.

Becoming a front end developer is not limited to learning front end web development and frameworks and different programming languages but also requires interaction, accepting responsibilities, doing tasks well, and soft skills.


2. Do your project

To enter the programming job market, you must have a project to present and build a work history for yourself. You can start working on your project and then go for internships and put them on your resume. Your skill in doing these projects can convince the employer to hire you.

3. Apply for corporate job positions

After completing the internships and training, it’s time to start looking for a job with your hands full. Front-end programmers must have at least one project experience for most companies and employers.

Programming job opportunities are abundant, and the future of programming is bright.

If you are interested in this field and have acquired the required skills, you can easily find the job you want.

Skills needed to become a front-end developer


Since front-end developers are one of the most critical people in website and application development, they must have a list of skills to perform well in this area.

The skills of a front-end developer include:

  • Be proficient in programming languages such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and jQuery
  • Understand server-side CSS.
  • Have experience working in graphic design programs (such as Adobe Illustrator).
  • Know the principles of SEO.
  • Have problem-solving skills.
  • Be skilled in communicating with team members, managers, and customers.
  • Know time management.

Front-end programmer job prospects

Overall, the future looks bright for anyone who wants to become a front-end developer. The latest studies predict that in many countries of the world, many companies will need front-end programmers, and currently, the labor market in this field is lacking in human resources.

front end web development challenges

The increase in Internet use, especially in the mobile field, means a greater need for user interfaces, which in turn demands front-end programming and front end web development skills. 

front end web development is a field whose growth rate and job opportunities are related to the popularity of the Internet. Of course, the use of the Internet is increasing day by day.

Final Word about front end web development

If you are interested in coding and designing websites and applications and have no problem working in programming teams, you can become a successful front-end developer.

In addition to skills, you should also increase your knowledge daily and keep yourself updated in this field because employers and organizations are looking for people with the latest knowledge in programming. You can also use the latest tools in this field. 

If you are a front-end developer and feel we have missed something in this article of front end web development, we will be happy if you share it with us in the comments section.

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